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Let us say you had one legit $20 and one quite good photocopy of the same $20. If someone were to try to spend both the real bill and the fake one, someone that took the problem of looking at either of those invoices' consecutive numbers would observe that they had been exactly the same number, and thus one of them had to be fictitious.
That isn't a perfect analogy--we will explain in more detail below. .
Once a miner has confirmed 1 MB (megabyte) worth of Bitcoin transactions, they are eligible to win the 12.5 BTC. The 1 MB limit was established by Satoshi Nakamoto, and can be an issue of controversy, as some miners think the block size ought to be increased to accommodate more data.
Note that I said that verifying 1 MB value of transactions makes a miner eligible to earn Bitcoin--not everyone who verifies transactions will receive paid out.
1MB of transactions can technically be small as 1 transaction (although this is not in any way common) or several thousand. It depends on how much data the transactions consume.
In order to earn Bitcoin, you need to meet two conditions. One is a matter of effort, one is a matter of luck.
2) You must be the first miner to arrive at the right answer to some numeric issue. This process is also known as a proof of work.
The good news: No advanced math or computation is involved. You might have heard that miners are solving challenging mathematical problems--that is not true in any way. What they're doing is trying to be the first miner to think of a 64-digit hexadecimal number (a"hash") which is less than or equivalent to the hash.
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The bad news: Since it's guesswork, you need a lot of computing power in order to get there first. To mine , you more info here need to have a high"hash speed," which is quantified in terms of megahashes per second (MH/s), gigahashes per second (GH/s), and terahashes per second (TH/s).
If you want to estimate just how much Bitcoin you can mine with your mining rig's hash pace, the site Cryptocompare provides a helpful calculator.
Either way a GPU (graphics processing unit) miner or an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) miner. These can run from $500 to the tens of thousands. Some miners--especially Ethereum miners--purchase individual graphics cards (GPUs) as a cheap method to cobble together mining operations. The photo below is a makeshift, home-made mining machine. The cards are such rectangular blocks with whirring circles. Note the sandwich twist-ties holding the graphics cards into the metal rod.
Case in point : I tell three friends that I'm thinking about a number between 1 and 100, and that I write that number on a piece of paper and seal it in an envelope. My friends don't need to guess the exact number, they just have to be the very first person to figure any number that's less than visit the website or equal to the number I am thinking of.
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Let us say I am thinking of the number 19. If Friend A guesses 21, they lose because 21>19. If Friend B supposes 16 and Friend C guesses 12, then they have both theoretically arrived at viable answers, since 16<19 and 12<19. There's no"extra credit" for Friend B, even though B's answer was nearer to the target answer of 19. .
In Bitcoin terms, simultaneous answers happen frequently, but in the end of the day there can only be one winning answer. When multiple simultaneous answers are presented that are equal to or less than the target number, the Bitcoin network will determine by a simple majority--51%--which miner to honour. Normally, it's the miner who has done the work, i.e.
The losing block then becomes an"orphan block." .
Now imagine I pose the"guess what number I am thinking of" question, however I am not asking only three friends, and I'm not thinking of a number between 1 and 100. Rather, I'm asking millions of would-be miners and I am thinking about a 64-digit hexadecimal number. Now you see that it is going to be quite hard to guess the ideal answer.
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The number preceding has 64 digits. Easy enough to understand up to now. As you probably noticed, that number consists not just of numbers, but also letters of this alphabet. Why is that
In order to understand these letters are doing in the middle of numbers, let's unpack the term"hexadecimal."
As you know, we utilize the"decimal" system, which means it's base 10. This in turn means that every digit has 10 chances, 0-9.